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Jul 25, 2019 17:46:32

Notes: Rework, Jason Fried

by @basilesamel PATRON | 1622 words | 461🔥 | 512💌

Basile Samel

Current day streak: 461🔥
Total posts: 512💌
Total words: 233974 (935 pages 📄)


1. The new reality

"Today anyone can be in business". Rework is a book for anyone, but not for everyone. It's designed for people wanting to start or running a business, independently of your financial, social, geographical, or professional situation.


1. Ignore the real world

The real world is a toxic place where dreams are slaughtered by those who are too coward to try. Somebody else's reality doesn't have to be yours, so define your own reality with your own existence and ignore the rest.

2. Learning from mistakes is overrated

Failing for the sake of it is not okay. Iterate over what works: success compounds.

3. Planning is guessing

Don't plan, always be improvising. Reality can only be predicted on a short or extremely long term.

4. Why grow?

Your company size is a vanity metric. Growing increases business complexity, and going leaner down the road is even harder. Stay small as long as it remains sustainable.

5. Workaholism

Working too much is getting less things done. Always go deep or go out.

6. Enough with "entrepreneurs"

Being an entrepreneur is now at anyone's reach, the term doesn't mean anything anymore.


1. Make a dent in the universe

Greatness originates from purpose. Make something that improves someone else's life with what you already have.

2. Scratch your own itch

Make something you'd use yourself. Developing a profitable business takes years, you don't want to spend them doing things you don't want to do.

3. Start making something

Ideas are worthless, execution is everything.

4. No time is no excuse

There is always time to use differently to serve a purpose dear to you. It doesn't have to be a lot, just spend time wisely and it will eventually compounds.

5. Draw a line in the sand

Never forget your why. Share your stands openly to attract the right people and make the right choices.

6. Mission statement impossible

Always align your acts and objectives with your mission statement. Empty words are worth nothing.

7. Outside money is Plan Z

Raising money is giving up control and focus. Quality and sustainability should always come first.

8. You need less than you think

Stay lean, stay frugal. Learn to act fast with limited means.

9. Start a business, not a startup

"Actual businesses worry about profit from day one."

10. Building to flip is building to flop

Don't look for exits, commit and focus on your customers. It's not a stepping stone, it's your life's work.

11. Less mass

The heavier you are, the harder it is to move. Always make sure you can act fast.


1. Embrace constraints

Learn to build with the tools at hand. What you think you don't have to do X is just an opportunity to be creative.

2. Build half a product, not a half-assed product

Don't multitask, do one thing amazing well and kill your darlings.

3. Start at the epicenter

Find your core activity and get it right first and foremost.

4. Ignore the details early on

Details are important but they can wait an iteration or two. Get real market feedback first.

5. Making the call is making progress

Take a decision now, don't wait. Thinking about it later before choosing will slow everything down. Take the leap as soon as possible. 

6. Be a curator

Quality has to prevail over quantity. Remove, then add.

7. Throw less at the problem

Always go for the simplest solution, decrease complexity, do less.

8. Focus on what won't change

Think in terms of First Principles.

9. Tone is in your fingers

The tool doesn't matter, content does. Just do the best you can with what you have.

10. Sell your by-products

"When you make something, you always make something else. [...] Everything has a by-product. Observant and creative business minds spot these by-products and see opportunities."

11. Launch now

Don't delay. Confront yourself to reality head-on, it's the only way to grow in the right direction.


1. Illusions of agreement

Instead of planning and reporting, make something: mockups, models, drawings, MVPs... create something the stakeholders can relate to.

2. Reasons to quit

Questions to ask yourself to know whether or not you should keep going: Why are you doing this? What problems are you solving? Is this actually useful? Are you adding value? Will this change behavior? Is there an easier way? What could you be doing instead? Is it really worth it?

3. Interruption is the enemy of productivity

Deep Work, always: no distraction, no people, no communication tool, just the work.

4. Meetings are toxic

Avoid meetings, or keep them short and solution-driven.

5. Good enough is fine

Keep your solution simple. Just enough to get the job done, iterate later.

6. Quick wins

Momentum = get something done, be happy about it, and move on to the next thing. Don't wait.

7. Don't be a hero

Learn to quit, don't waste time chasing a chimera.

8. Go to sleep

Sleep deprivation is never ok.

9. Your estimates suck

Break your project down into tiny chunks (~ one work day) before estimating.

10. Long lists don't get done

Break down long lists into smaller ones as to avoid feeling overwhelmed and don't forget to prioritize your items.

11. Make tiny decisions

Decisions that are too far-fetched prevent you from changing course. Take tinier decisions at the smallest scale available, this way you can easily fix them if you're wrong.


1. Don't copy

Copying is not understanding. It's not leading either: find your voice.

2. Decommoditize your product

Become an integral part of your product experience. No one can copy you.

3. Pick a fight

Take a stand and own it, then go against your enemies: only in the face of adversity can you acquire true allies.

4. Underdo your competition

Do less, but better. Don't try to do more, just do things differently.

5. Who cares what they're doing?

Focus on yourself, not on the competition. It's the only way to grow.


1. Say no by default

Say no to customer requests when it dilutes your vision of the product and explain why.

2. Let your customers outgrow you

Keep your product lean, don't build features to please established users who have bigger needs since it will cut you from new users. You can't please everyone by building everything.

3. Don't confuse enthusiasm with priority

Don't just jump on the new idea yet. Give it time to mature and stay the course. Evaluate ideas according to your priorities, not your emotions.

4. Be at-home good

An at-home product is the kind of product where the more you use, the more you love it. It doesn't disappoint after it's unpacked.

5. Don't write it down

"Listen, but then forget [...] requests that really matter are the ones you'll hear over and over."


1. Welcome obscurity

Not being popular is an opportunity to take more risks by trying out new things, enjoy it.

2. Build an audience

"An audience returns often - on its own - to see what you have to say." => best way to sell, not buying ads

3. Out-teach your competition

Teaching what you know is the best way to gain trust. We all have valuable knowledge to share.

4. Emulate chefs

Share everything you know. Transparency is how you outsmart your paranoid competitors.

5. Go behind the scenes

Be transparent about how your business works. It will affect your relationship with your users in a great way: more understanding is more trust.

6. Nobody likes plastic flowers

Own your flaws, don't be afraid to display them openly. Appearing vulnerable makes you real.

7. Press releases are spam

Always be personal. You don't stand out by telling the same old story everyone already heard.

8. Forget about the Wall Street Journal

"Niche media over mass media".

9. Drug dealers get it right

Give a free sample and make sure the experience is addictive.

10. Marketing is not a department

Everything in your business is a marketing opportunity.

11. The myth of the overnight sensation

Success takes a very long time. Patiently build an audience over the years.


1. Do it yourself first

"Never hire anyone to do a job until you've tried to do it yourself first." You need to understand what you expect from your employee before having one.

2. Hire when it hurts

Hire when doing otherwise would result in a decrease of the overall quality level.

3. Pass on great people

Don't hire people you don't need, however talented they might be.

4. Strangers at a cocktail party

Hiring too quickly doesn't set the right environment to productively work in because we naturally tend to avoid conflicts with people we don't know.

5. Resumes are ridiculous

Don't hire based on resumes. A cover letter is better because it involves getting personal.

6. Years of irrelevance

How well you've been doing your work beats how long you've been in a position.

7. Forget about formal education

Don't limit your talent pool to individuals with degrees. Make the distinction between schooling and education.

8. Everybody works

Don't hire managers. Everyone should do work, not delegate it.

9. Hire managers of one

A manager of one manages himself/herself. They are self-driven, all they need is a direction.

10. Hire great writers

"Clear writing is a sign of clear thinking. [...] They make things easy to understand. [...] Writing is today's currency for good ideas."

11. The best are everywhere

Hiring remotely allows you to access a greater talent pool: location shouldn't be a hiring criteria anymore.

12. Test-drive employees

The best way to evaluate a potential employee is to hire him/her to work on a miniproject.

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